Mineralogical and Geochemical Characterization of Ancient Ceramic Sherds from Dipsizin Cave (Karaman, Turkey)

Abstract

Raw materials of two ancient ceramic sherds (ceramic-1 and ceramic-2) from Dipsizin cave were analysed by SEM-EDS in order to characterize ceramic fabrics. Characterization includes seperation of temper and clay paste sections, qualitative determination of mineralogic compositions and percentage calculations of raw materials by region sketching. In this perspective, ceramic-1 is characterized as % 41.83 temper (quartz, albite, rutile, lime, organic material) and % 58.17 clay paste. Then, ceramic-2 is characterized to be % 37.52 temper (quartz, anorthoclase, rutile, lime, organic material) and % 62.48 clay paste. Clay paste sections of both ceramics include mixture of clay minerals belonging to illite and smectite clay groups. In comparison, percentages of temper and clay paste sections of ceramic-1 and ceramic-2 differ % 4.31 from each other and variety of raw materials making up both ceramic bodies are nearly same except feldspars. But individually quartz and lime percentages between ceramics differ nearly two times. In this opinion we realize that raw materials are mixed by tracking two recipes. These recipes can be explained by different pottery making technologies and/or different provenances.

Keywords:

Ceramic sherd; Characterization; Dipsizin Cave; Region sketching; Sarıveliler; SEM-EDS

DOI: 10.17350/HJSE19030000078

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Author Biographies

Mehmet Yavuz Hüseyinca, Selçuk University

Geological Engineering

Osman Doğanay, Aksaray University
Archaeology
Published
2018-04-06
Section
SCIENCE