Mineralogical and Geochemical Characterization of Ancient Ceramic Sherds from Dipsizin Cave (Karaman, Turkey)

  • Mehmet Yavuz Hüseyinca Selçuk University, Department of Geological Engineering, Konya, TURKEY http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3863-6170
  • Osman Doğanay Aksaray University, Department of Archaeology, Aksaray, TURKEY

Abstract

Raw materials of two ancient ceramic sherds (ceramic-1 and ceramic-2) from Dipsizin cave were analysed by SEM-EDS in order to characterize ceramic fabrics. Characterization includes seperation of temper and clay paste sections, qualitative determination of mineralogic compositions and percentage calculations of raw materials by region sketching. In this perspective, ceramic-1 is characterized as % 41.83 temper (quartz, albite, rutile, lime, organic material) and % 58.17 clay paste. Then, ceramic-2 is characterized to be % 37.52 temper (quartz, anorthoclase, rutile, lime, organic material) and % 62.48 clay paste. Clay paste sections of both ceramics include mixture of clay minerals belonging to illite and smectite clay groups. In comparison, percentages of temper and clay paste sections of ceramic-1 and ceramic-2 differ % 4.31 from each other and variety of raw materials making up both ceramic bodies are nearly same except feldspars. But individually quartz and lime percentages between ceramics differ nearly two times. In this opinion we realize that raw materials are mixed by tracking two recipes. These recipes can be explained by different pottery making technologies and/or different provenances.

Keywords:

Ceramic sherd; Characterization; Dipsizin Cave; Region sketching; Sarıveliler; SEM-EDS

DOI: 10.17350/HJSE19030000078

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Published
2018-04-06
How to Cite
Hüseyinca, M., & Doğanay, O. (2018). Mineralogical and Geochemical Characterization of Ancient Ceramic Sherds from Dipsizin Cave (Karaman, Turkey). Hittite Journal of Science & Engineering, 5(2), 91-95. Retrieved from https://www.hjse.hitit.edu.tr/hjse/index.php/HJSE/article/view/HJSE19030000078
Section
SCIENCE