Using The Low Concentrated Photovoltaic Module As A Preheater In An Organic Rankine Cycle

Abstract

In concentrated photovoltaic thermal (CPVT) systems, sunlight is directly converted into electricity and during this conversion waste heat is generated on the photovoltaic module. The resulting waste heat can be used for heating the fluids. In this study, the effect of using a low concentrating photovoltaic thermal system as a pre-heater before the evaporator in the organic Rankine cycle (ORC) was investigated. Thermodynamic analyzes were performed for different solar radiation values, concentration ratio values and various photovoltaic module (PV) materials. The increase in solar radiation and concentration increased the electricity production in the photovoltaic module and the thermal efficiency of the system but led to a decrease in exergy efficiency. In the analyzes, four different PV module materials were examined and M-Si and P-Si module materials showed better performance in terms of system efficiency and electricity production.

Keywords:

Concentration ratio, Organic rankine cycle, Photovoltaic cell, Photovoltaic module, Waste heat.

DOI: 10.17350/HJSE19030000168

Full Text: page_white_acrobat.png

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Chen, Hongbing, Saffa B. Riffat, and Yu Fu. "Experimental
study on a hybrid photovoltaic/heat pump system." Applied
Thermal Engineering 31.17-18 (2011) 4132-4138.

2. Tourkov, Konstantin, and Laura Schaefer. "Performance
evaluation of a PVT/ORC (photovoltaic thermal/organic
Rankine cycle) system with optimization of the ORC and
evaluation of several PV (photovoltaic) materials." Energy
82 (2015) 839-849.

3. Rahbar, Kiyarash, et al. "Heat recovery of nano-fluid based
concentrating Photovoltaic Thermal (CPV/T) Collector with
Organic Rankine Cycle." Energy conversion and management
179 (2019) 373-396.

4. Kosmadakis, G., D. Manolakos, and G. Papadakis.
"Simulation and economic analysis of a CPV/thermal system
coupled with an organic Rankine cycle for increased power
generation." Solar Energy 85.2 (2011) 308-324.

5. Han, Xue, et al. "Parametric analysis of a hybrid solar
concentrating photovoltaic/concentrating solar power
(CPV/CSP) system." Applied energy 189 (2017) 520-533.

6. Qu, Wanjun, et al. "A concentrating photovoltaic/Kalina
cycle coupled with absorption chiller." Applied energy 224
(2018) 481-493.

7. Qu, Wanjun, Bosheng Su, and Sanli Tang. "Thermodynamic
Evaluation of a hybrid solar concentrating photovoltaic/
Kalina cycle for full spectrum utilization." Energy Procedia
142 (2017) 597-602.

8. Moh’d A, Al-Nimr, Mohammad Bukhari, and Mansour
Mansour. "A combined CPV/T and ORC solar power
generation system integrated with geothermal cooling and
electrolyser/fuel cell storage unit." Energy 133 (2017) 513-
524.

9. Akrami, Ehsan, et al. "Exergy and exergoeconomic
assessment of hydrogen and cooling production from
concentrated PVT equipped with PEM electrolyzer and LiBr-
H2O absorption chiller." International Journal of Hydrogen
Energy 43.2 (2018) 622-633.

10. Skoplaki, Elisa, and John A. Palyvos. "On the temperature
dependence of photovoltaic module electrical performance:
A review of efficiency/power correlations." Solar energy
83.5 (2009) 614-624.

11. Notton, Gilles, et al. "Modelling of a double-glass
photovoltaic module using finite differences." Applied
thermal engineering 25.17-18 (2005) 2854-2877.

12. Kribus, Abraham, et al. "A miniature concentrating
photovoltaic and thermal system." Energy Conversion and
Management 47.20 (2006) 3582-3590.

13. Cengel, Yunus. Heat and mass transfer: fundamentals and
applications. McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2014.

14. Petela, Richard. "Exergy of undiluted thermal radiation."
Solar Energy 74.6 (2003) 469-488.

15. Jafarkazemi, Farzad, and Emad Ahmadifard. "Energetic
and exergetic evaluation of flat plate solar collectors."
Renewable Energy 56 (2013) 55-63.
Published
2020-03-26
How to Cite
Kursun, B. (2020). Using The Low Concentrated Photovoltaic Module As A Preheater In An Organic Rankine Cycle. Hittite Journal of Science & Engineering, 7(1), 27-33. Retrieved from https://www.hjse.hitit.edu.tr/hjse/index.php/HJSE/article/view/458
Section
ENGINEERING