Investigation of the Chitosan Immobilized Eggshell for the Biosorption of Brillant Blue R Dye
The biosorption method for controlling water pollution can be considered as an alterna-tive method for the pollution of synthetic paints. In this study, the removal of Bril-lant Blue R (BBR) dyestuff, which is a textile dyestuff, by biosorption is investigated. For this purpose, eggshell immobilized with chitosan (ESIC) is designed as a biosorbent. The biosorption mechanism was studied in batch and continuous mode. As far as the batch system is concerned, the following results have been obtained: The optimum pH 2, dye concentration 25 ppm, interaction time 60 minutes, biosorbent amount 2.0 g/L, removal real wastewater 53.28%. Regarding continuous systems, the following f low speed of 0.5 mL/min, biosorbent amount 2.0 g/L, removal real wastewater 91.01%. Also, recycle ex-periments showed that there was 24.11% loss in the biosorption capacity of ESIC for BBR dye after 7 times reuse. Obtained results were consistent with Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models. All the results demonstrate that ESIC is a natural, recyclable and cost-effective biosorbent for BBR dye removal in wastewater.
Biosorption; BBR; Eggshell; Chitosan; Dye.
2. Elsherbiny AS. Adsorption kinetics and mechanism of acid dye onto montmorillonite from aqueous solutions: Stopped-flow measurements. Applied Clay Science. 83 (2013) 56-62.
3. Zhao X-g, Huang J-g, Wang B, Bi Q, Dong L-l, Liu X-j. Preparation of titanium peroxide and its selective adsorption property on cationic dyes. Applied Surface Science. 292 (2014) 76-82.
4. Hao OJ, Kim H, Chiang P-C. Decolorization of Wastewater. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology. 30(4) (2000)449-505.
5. Rauf MA, Shehadi IA, Hassan WW. Studies on the removal of Neutral Red on sand from aqueous solution and its
kinetic behavior. Dyes and Pigments. 75(3) (2007) 723-726.
6. Erol K, Köse K, Köse DA, Sızır Ü, Tosun Satır İ, Uzun L. Adsorption of Victoria Blue R (VBR) dye on magnetic microparticles containing Fe(II)–Co(II) double salt. Desalination and Water Treatment. 57(20) (2016) 9307-9317.
7. Mao J, Won SW, Choi SB, Lee MW, Yun Y-S. Surface modification of the Corynebacterium glutamicum biomass to increase carboxyl binding site for basic dye molecules. Biochemical Engineering Journal. 46(1) (2009) 1-6.
8. Moradi SE. Microwave assisted preparation of sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) modified ordered nanoporous carbon and its adsorption for MB dye. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. 20(1) 2014 208-15.
9. Shirzad-Siboni M, Khataee A, Joo SW. Kinetics and equilibrium studies of removal of an azo dye from aqueous solution by adsorption onto scallop. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. 20(2) (2014) 610-615.
10. Erol K. DNA adsorption via Co(II) immobilized cryogels. Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part A. 53(10) (2016) 629-635.
11. Erol K. Polychelated cryogels: hemoglobin adsorption from human blood. Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology. 45(1) (2017) 31-38.
12. Greg S, Sing K. Adsorption, surface area and porosity–Academic Press. New York. 1982.
13. Juang RS, Wu FC, Tseng RL. The Ability of Activated Clay for the Adsorption of Dyes from Aqueous Solutions.
Environmental Technology. 18 (5) (1997) 525-531.
14. Shen K, Gondal MA. Removal of hazardous Rhodamine dye from water by adsorption onto exhausted coffee ground. Journal of Saudi Chemical Society. 21 2017 120-127.
15. Mittal A, Kaur D, Malviya A, Mittal J, Gupta VK. Adsorption studies on the removal of coloring agent phenol red from wastewater using waste materials as adsorbents. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 337 (2) (2009) 345-354.
16. Volesky B. Biosorption and me. Water Res. 41 (18) (2007) 4017-4029.
17. Ghaedi M, Mosallanejad N. Study of competitive adsorption of malachite green and sunset yellow dyes on
cadmium hydroxide nanowires loaded on activated carbon. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. 20 (13)
18. Shan R-r, Yan L-g, Yang Y-m, Yang K, Yu S-j, Yu H-q, et al. Highly efficient removal of three red dyes by adsorption
onto Mg–Al-layered double hydroxide. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. 21 (2015) 561-568.
19. El-Mekkawi D, Galal HR. Removal of a synthetic dye “Direct Fast Blue B2RL” via adsorption and photocatalytic
degradation using low cost rutile and Degussa P25 titanium dioxide. Journal of Hydro-environment Research. 7(3)
20. Agboh O, Qin Y. Chitin and chitosan fibers. Polymers for Advanced Technologies. 8 (6) (1997) 355-365.
21. Spulber R, Chifiriuc C, Fleancu M, Popa O, Băbeanu N, editors. Antibacterial Activity of Magnetite Nanoparticles
Coated with Bee Pollen Extracts. “Agriculture for Life, Life for Agriculture” Conference Proceedings; 2018, Sciendo.
22. Knaul JZ, Hudson SM, Creber KAM. Crosslinking of chitosan fibers with dialdehydes: Proposal of a new reaction
mechanism. Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics. 37 (11) (1999) 1079-1094.
23. Wenming D, Zhijun G, Jinzhou D, Liying Z, Zuyi T. Sorption characteristics of zinc(II) by calcareous soil–radiotracer
study. Applied Radiation and Isotopes. 54(3) (2001) 371-375.
24. William J. Stadelman OJC. Egg science and technology fourth edition ed. New York: Food Products Press; 1995.
25. Guru PS, Dash S. Sorption on eggshell waste—A review on ultrastructure, biomineralization and other
applications. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science. 209 (2014) 49-67.
26. Saha PD, Chowdhury S, Mondal M, Sinha K. Biosorption of Direct Red 28 (Congo Red) from aqueous solutions by
eggshells: Batch and column studies. Separation Science and Technology. 47(1) (2012) 112-123.
27. Ngah WW, Ab Ghani S, Kamari A. Adsorption behaviour of Fe (II) and Fe (III) ions in aqueous solution on chitosan
and cross-linked chitosan beads. Bioresource technology. 96(4) (2005) 443-450.
28. Gong R, Ding Y, Li M, Yang C, Liu H, Sun Y. Utilization of powdered peanut hull as biosorbent for removal of
anionic dyes from aqueous solution. Dyes and Pigments. 64 (3) (2005) 187-192.
29. Gong R, Ding Y, Liu H, Chen Q, Liu Z. Lead biosorption and desorption by intact and pretreated spirulina maxima
biomass. Chemosphere. 58(1) (2005) 125-130.
30. Lagergren S. Zur theorie der sogenannten adsorption geloster stoffe. Kungliga svenska vetenskapsakademiens
Handlingar. 24 (1898) 1-39.
31. Ho Y-S, McKay G. Kinetic models for the sorption of dye from aqueous solution by wood. Process Safety and
Environmental Protection. 76(2) (1998) 183-191.
32. Langmuir I. The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum. Journal of the American
Chemical society. 40(9) (1918) 1361-1403.
33. Freundlich H. Über die adsorption in lösungen. Zeitschrift für physikalische Chemie. 57(1) (1907) 385-470.
34. Radushkevich MDL. The equation of the characteristic curve of the activated charcoal USSR Phys. Chem Sect. 55
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
All the intellectual property rights of the papers accepted for the publication belong to the Hittite Journal of Science & Engineering.