The Effects of Olive Pomace Ash on The Color Change of the Composite Material and Its Mechanical Properties
The purpose of this study is to apply Prina ash, which is the remaining pulp after the pressing of olives, to a plastic material. Prina particles transformed into the ash were mixed in Polypropylene (PP) polymer with a weight ratio of 0%, 1% and 3% and then molded in the injection machine. Tensile-Stress Test, impact test, SEM images and color change measurements were carried out with produced samples. The effects of prina ash ratio on the colour change and mechanical properties were investigated. As a result, it was determined that an increase in prina ash ratio caused an increase in both colour change and mechanical properties of the material.
Polypropylene Polymer; Prina Ash; Impact Test; Color Change; SEM.
2.Keser, O. and Bilal, T. The Use of Olive-by products in Animal Nutrition, Hayvansal Üretim 51(1) (2010) 64-72.
3.Kurtuluş, E. Pirinanin Bir Yakıt Olarak Kullanımı Ve Eldesi, Yeni ve Yenilenebilir Enerji Kaynaklan Sempozyumu ve Sergisi, 3-4 Ekim 2003, Kayseri, Turkey (in Turkish).
4.Tunalıoğlu, R. and Armağan, G. An Evaluation Of Oliveoil Byproducts Produced In Aydin Province In Terms Of Agriculture-Industry And Environment, 8th Congress Of Agricultural Economics Of Turkey, 135-143, Bursa, 2008.
5.Başkan A. E. Zeytinyağı işletmelerinin atıkları ve değerlendirme yolları. T.C. Güney Ege Kalkınma Ajansı, Denizli, 2010 (in Turkish).
6.Beken, Y and Şahin, A. The Effect of Prina (Olive Cake) Feeding Methods on Growth
Performance and Behaviour of Awassi Lambs, International Journal Of Agriculture & Biology, 13(3), 423-426.
7.Jumah, R., Al-Kteimat, E., Al-Hamad, A. and Telfah, E. Constant and Intermittent Drying Characteristics
of Olive Cake, Drying Technology, 25, 1421–1426, 2007.
8.Altinkoru, N. Industrial Waste And Pomace Of Boron Waste As An Additive In Cement Production Evaluation, Msc. Thesis, Dumlupınar University, 2010.
9.ISO 527 -1: Plastics - Determination of tensile properties -- Part 1: General principles, 2012
10.ISO 179 -1, Plastics - Determination of Charpy impact properties -- Part 1: Non-instrumented impact test, 2010.
11.ASTM 6290-05e1, Standard Test Method for Color Determination of Plastic Pellets, 2013.
12.Çelen S and Kahveci K. Microwave drying behaviour of apple slices, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E, Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering, 227(4) (2013) 264-272.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
All the intellectual property rights of the papers accepted for the publication belong to the Hittite Journal of Science & Engineering.